The New Computerised Transit System (NCTS) is a European wide system, based upon electronic declarations and processing. It is designed to provide better management and control of Community and Common Transit.
Community Transit is the movement of goods between the EU Member States (including the 10 new countries which joined on the 1st May 2004). Common Transit is an agreement providing a mutual system for Customs transportation between the EU Community and the EFTA countries (Norway, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, and Iceland).
NCTS is being introduced as a result of the report from the European Parliament's inquiry into transit fraud. It is seen to be an essential element of the reforms intended to make the transit systems more secure.
The current paper based systems were found to be open to fraud and incapable of providing a reliable level of management and control of the movement of goods in transit. There is also a growing lack of clarity and consistency in the procedures and a lack of effective administrative communication and co-operation between Customs Authorities. This has led to expensive delays and confusion for companies along with an increased risk of fraud.